Australian animals and wilderness that you’ve never heard of Well isolated and hidden from the rest of the world, Australia his home to a lot of unique creations of the almighty. Though native to the country these creatures are spotted very rarely in the wild unlike the Koalas and the Kangaroos.
1. Tiger Quoll
Also known as the spotted tail quoll, spotted tail dasyure, or tiger cat, it is a carnivore marsupial which belongs to genus Dasyurus. Said to be the largest in the quoll family, the tiger quolls can be found in the eastern regions of Australia. Quolls can live in a varied climate but they prefer the wetlands especially the rainforest more than anything. The quolls feed on insects, crayfish, snake, lizards, birds, small wallabies, and a lot more. The quolls, in turn, are preyed by the Tasmanian Devil, masked owls of Tasmania, dingos, and dogs when they are spotted in the mainland.
Also known as spiny anteaters the echidna and platypus are the only known egg-laying mammals of the order Monotremata. The echidnas resemble anteaters of South America and other spiny mammals such as porcupines and hedgehogs. This explains their other name spiny anteaters. Their elongated snouts help them till the soil and prey on ants and termites. Echidnas can’t tolerate extreme temperatures they prefer living in caves and rock crevices, to protect themselves from predators and to tackle harsh climates. Echidnas are found all over Australia’s forests and woodlands. They are also capable swimmers. They enter the waters to bathe and groom themselves.
3. Sugar Gliders
Sugar Gliders are small, omnivorous animals belonging to marsupial infraclass. They feed on sweet foods such as nectar and sap. They have a membrane that extends from their forelimbs to the hind limbs which help them glide. The gliding helps them to reach the food and also to evade the predators. They resemble the flying squirrels in many ways but are not closely related.
Dugongs are medium-sized herbivore marine mammals. They are spotted along Indo-West Pacific regions and in the northern waters of Australia, especially in the Shark Bay and Moreton Bay. With a lifespan of 70 years or more and a slow rate of reproduction, they are classified as vulnerable to extinction due to hunting and habitat destruction. They were hunted by poachers for their meat and oil.
Cassowaries are flightless birds with black feathers that are native to the tropical forests in the north-eastern parts of Australia and New Guinea. They are the third largest and second heaviest living bird. Though they are shy and calm, their attacks are fatal when provoked. More often they are termed as ‘The most dangerous bird in the world’.
Wombats are short-legged marsupials native to south-eastern Australia. They are muscular in nature. They are highly adaptive and habitat tolerant in nature. Wombat has stubby tails and can live up to 30 years. They are extensive diggers and create burrows with their font teeth like that of rodent and powerful claw. Unlike kangaroos, wombats have a pouch at the back of their body, this adaptive feature protects their pouch from getting soiled, thereby protecting their young ones in it, when they are digging.
Also known as greater bilby or rabbit-eared bandicoot, they are small long-eared burrowing animals native to Australia. They have a prominent snout, long hairless ears, and are white-bellied. Bilby is also, intelligent creatures who build spiralled burrows making it difficult for the predators to reach them. They are omnivorous and prey on small insects and also on seeds and plant bulbs. They restrict their habitat to arid areas and are threatened species. A national recovery program has been set up to re-establish their colonies.
Though pademelons resemble kangaroos and wallabies a lot they are much smaller and live in the forests of Australia and also on the coastal area of Queensland and New South Wales. Once upon a time, they were hunted by settlers for their fur and meat and now their existence is threatened by predators and land clearings. With the less availability of fodder which is fed by three other species, rabbits, kangaroos and wallabies, the pademelons don’t get enough food to support their families.
Also Read: 10 ways to kick up some fun in Australia
They are small singing birds with indistinct laughing calls. They are called the terrestrial tree kingfishers. These birds are generally found in Australian bush forests and tropical forests. Their calls are recognized by the locals as they sound very similar to that of human laughter. They are carnivorous birds which feed on mice, snakes, insects and small reptiles, unlike the common trait of other kingfishers, they very rarely feed on fish.
The quokkas are small smiling herbivorous marsupials. They are generally found on the smaller islands off the west coast of Australia. They feed on grasses, sedges, and leaves, and they have high water requirements and quench by feeding on the vegetables. Quokkas are said to be the happiest animals because of their ever-smiling face. They have a stocky build with rounded ears, well developed hind legs to support they’re stocky built, rounded ears, and a broad head which is short.
Also called the banded anteaters, walpurti, or noombat. They are marsupials found in the open woodlands of Australia. They are long-tailed ant eaters mostly found in solitary and are on the verge of extinction. Numbat has no pouch and the mothers carry their young ones in their stomachs and take shelter in hollow logs at night to protect themselves from the predators. They are small spotted creatures with a bushy tail. This wilderness is native only to Australia.