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Ellora caves of Maharashtra
Written by Siddhi on August 5, 2020 Share on

Ellora Caves In Maharashtra – Ancient Marvels

The Ajanta and Ellora caves are remarkably sculpted into the centre of a hillside region. The two are a world heritage site of the Unesco. A series of 34 magnificent rock-cut temples in the Maharashtra state of North West Central in the west of India, also had Ellora caves in Ellora. There are 34 Ellora grottoes from the 6th to 11th centuries B.C. to 29 Ajanta caves from the 2nd to the 6th centuries B.C. Temples extend over 2 km of space from basaltic cliffs and are lined with intricate facades and inner walls.

What do the Ellora Caves have?

Ellora Caves
Image Credits: Google Images

12 Buddhist caves in the south date back to approximately 200 BCE to 600 CE, 17 Hindu shrines in the centre range from approximately 500 to 900 CE, and the 5 Shrines of Jain in the north. The Hindu cellars are the beautifully built, with their plain decoration in the Buddhist caves. Ellora served as a group of monasteries (viharas) and chapels (chaityas). The cells that have been carved for itinerant monks are among the cellars.

Both the Ajanta cellars are Buddhist, while the Ellora cellars are a combination of Jain, Hindu and Buddhist. Specific leaders offered to fund for the creation of the caves. The Kailasa Temple is definitely the most popular attraction. It is also named Kailash Temple, which is developing Cave 16 at Ellora. Lord Shiva and his holy house at Kailash is dedicated to this shrine. The large height is double the Pantheon in Corinth, and is only a half-time bigger than that! The sculpture of the life-size elephant is a standout.

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History of the Ellora Caves

History of Ellora Caves
Image Credits: Google Images

Throughout the 8th century, the temple was founded, starting in the reign of Krishna I, and the solid rock was reduced from 150 thousand to 200 thousand tonnes. The complex has a length of roughly 164 feet, a wide diameter of 108 feet. It has sculpted monoliths and corridors, with steps, walls, windows and various fixed screens. The scene of Vishnu, which has become the man-lion and battles a demon, is among its most famous decorations. Just beyond the gate, in Shiva’s bull, Nandi ‘s central courtyard is a memorial.

Carvings of the elephants and other creatures on the walls of the building, on the second floor. The 10-headed demon King Ravana trembling in a display of power at Kailasa Mountain is one of the representations in the rooms. The temple often presents pornographic and voluptuous depictions of the Hindu divinities and mythological characters. Some features, such as a rocky footbridge that once joined two top-level thresholds, have been damaged or destroyed over centuries.

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Ellora Caves – A Mystery

Paintings of Ellora Caves
Image Credits: Google Images

The most mysterious thing about the caves in Ajanta and Ellora is that they were built with only a hammer and a chisel. Throughout India, there are many cave systems, but they are definitely the most impressive. According to archaeologists Cave 21 is Ellora ‘s oldest Hindu cave. It comprises statues including door guards and heroes. It also features exquisite statues. In the late 500s, the cave 29 has three lion-guarded staircases. Majestic friezes line the walls like the other Hindu caves did.

Ellora caves, built in the late 800s and 900s and paired with intricate carving, display the Jain heritage of abstinence. They are not as large as the other cellars, but the artwork they hold is excellent. Many of the caves in Jain have vivid ceiling designs, and several parts are still available. Cave 32, the Indra Sabha, is the most impressive cave in Jain. It’s a Kailash Temple miniature. The first is unadorned, while the second features intricate figures including a lotus on the rim. The altar is guarded by two painted holy people. On the right is another religious man who meditates in the rain, Gomateshwara.

Each year the Tourism of Maharashtra organizes a three-day Ellora Ajanta International Festival. This contains some of the most famous singers and dancers in India. Usually, the festival happens during October so you can plan your visit during this time.

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Best Time To Visit The Ellora Caves

The Ellora Caves are in the Northern Maharashtra, roughly around 400 kilometres from Mumbai. The perfect time to experience the caves is between November to March when the weather is dry and cool. The Ellora caves are available all day except Tuesdays from dawn to sunsets (around 5.30 pm). The caves in Ajanta are open daily, except on Mondays, from 9 am to 5 pm. During national holidays, both caves are available. Even instead (as well as on weekends) seek to stop visiting them, because the lines will overtake you without getting a pleasant encounter.

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How To Get To The Ellora Caves

Shiva Bhairava of Ellora Caves
Image Credits: Google Images

Aurangabad is situated next to the train stations for the Ellora caves (45 minutes) and Ajanta caves (1.5 hours from the industrial region of Jalgaon). Through Indian railways, it’s just 6-7 hours from Mumbai to Aurangabad. The options are here. There’s even an airport in Aurangabad and connect to many Indian towns through the air. It is safe to book a taxi from Aurangabad and travel to both the two caves. The trip from Ellora to Ajanta requires 2 hours.

Entrance Fees

For tourists, visiting both the caves of Ajanta and Ellora is pricey. In August 2018 the rates at the sites required different tickets and were up to 600 rupees. Just 40 rupees are charged by the Indians for each fare. In both cases children under the age of 15 are eligible.

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  1. From a look up the hill around Ellora, you will obtain an outstanding viewpoint of the Kailasa Temple.
  2. Start from the viewpoint when you visit caves. Go downhill from the point of view and visit cave 8 first. Go right from there to end and begin in cave 28. You will see about all of the grottoes without crowds.
  3. Please carry a torch to the grottoes because many are really dim and low light.
  4. Take the grotto before 10 a.m. as there can be a lot of crowd.

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Who built the Ellora Caves?

Rashtrakuta dynasty and the Yadava dynasty built these caves.

On which river are the Ellora Caves situated?

The Ellora caves is situated on the Waghora river.

Which city is closest to Ellora Caves?

Aurangabad is the nearest city to Ellora caves.

Which God is famous in Ellora Caves?

It is dedicated to the Hindu God, Shiva.

How much time required to see Ellora Caves?

It would take around 5 hours for one to explore all the caves.

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