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North east india
Written by Buvaneshwari Gopinath on June 11, 2020 Share on

A Handy Guide to Explore The North-east States of India

India is a diverse land with 28 states and 8 union territories. Indian states have been divided based on the regions they are situated in. Each state has its own language, culture, tradition and heritage that has been followed for many years. Northeast India is an exotic place filled with surprises and amazing places to travel. For all those who wish for a quick place to head out but also want it to be romantic, head there. The residents of these states are gracious hosts and provide unbeatable hospitality for the travellers. The states of northeast India takes you a step closer to heaven with its natural beauty and jaw-dropping landscapes.

North east india
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The place is surrounded by ancient monasteries, thick forests, snow-capped mountains, serene valleys and cascading waterfalls. The place is perfect for all nature lovers to fall in love again with God’s mesmerizing creation. The states part of Northeast India are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.

Ways to Reach North-East India

By Air

Flights are the easiest and quickest way to reach any destination. To reach Assam, Tripura, Nagaland and Manipur, you have direct flights from Kolkata. If you are travelling from other parts of India, you have only connecting flights and the transit city and duration depends upon the airline operator. There are few airports that connect their region from up north as well. They are the Silchar Airport, Lokpriya Gopinath Bordolo Airport and Dibrugarh Airport.

By Rail

The Indian railways are one of the well-connected railway systems. It connects all the way from north to south and east to west. All the major cities of India have trains that run to Northeast. There are several trains from the south as well that connects you to the Northeast. However, there is no rail access directly to Mizoram and Sikkim. To reach those two places, you can get down at the nearest stations and hire a cab or take a bus.

By Road

Travelling by road is an amazing experience one can get. The scenic landscapes, the liberty to pit stop anywhere, the longest roads are few things some long for. If you are travelling from south of India, it is not a feasible option since it would take you days to reach there northeastern end of India. But if you are travelling from the north or the eastern states, take NH 31, 37,38 and 40 for best connectivity. Note, there might be some bumpy ride ahead so make sure you have all kinds of gears to assist you if something does go wrong. 

North east of India
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Best time to visit the states of North East India

The jaw-dropping landscape of these states stands out for its uniqueness in various seasons. Though you can see the sun all year round the climate here differs every season. Read on to know about the different times to explore the states of Northeast India.

The North-Eastern States during Winter 

Winter is between the months of October to February in Northeast India. The temperature during this time is somewhere between 22°C – 0°C and there are days where it drops even below zero. During the winter season, the weather ranges from chill breezes to biting cold. States situated in higher altitudes face extreme temperatures with snowfalls and icy landscapes and states situated in the lower altitude enjoys mild winters with a pleasant temperature for everyone to enjoy the season. 

Why should you visit during winter?

If you are travelling for any hot regions of the country, you’ll know the value of chill wind and snows. Enjoy the season of winter to fullest by visiting the states of Northeast India. Usually, the start of winter represents the start of festival season in the northeast. So while you are planning, make sure you take part in any of the colourful festivals that are long celebrated.

Tips

  • Make sure you carry weather-appropriate attires.
  • Carry body moisturizers and lip balms as your skin may get flaky in the cold weather

The North Eastern States during Summer

The Northeastern states of India experience summer during the months of March to June. The summers can be cold and sunny depending on the altitudes of respective locations of the states. The temperature is between 10’C – 38’C. Though it is considered as a year-round destination, the most ideal time to visit here would be between March to June. 

Why should you visit during the summer?

Chilly and sunny, it’s the perfect time for some adventurous sports like trekking, mountain biking, kayaking and even picnicking amidst the mountains.

Tips

  • Carry sunscreens, sunglasses, hats and lotions since sun rays damages can be severe than expected in higher altitudes.
  • Pack a combination of summer clothes and apparels like long pants and sweaters for the night as it may get relatively chilly. 

The North Eastern States during Monsoon

The states of northeast experience monsoon or rain during the months of July to September. The temperature during this season fluctuates between 9°C – 35°C. Unlike the other states, monsoon here is a tropical affair. With heavy to moderate rainfall, the temperatures keep differing from hot to cold depending upon the state’s altitude.

Why should you visit during monsoon?

With rain pouring non-stop, the pristine valleys and serene landscapes are found to be lush, green and plush. Enjoy the immense beauty of the dense forest and the mystique of mother nature with your own eyes.

Tips

  • You can never predict the rains of monsoon. It pours anytime it wants. Always carry umbrella, raincoats and rainy boots while travelling here or to any other hill station.
  • Pack an extra set of clothing and carry lots of plastic or eco-friendly bags with you that can hold wet clothes and electronics.
  • Refrain from eating foods at unhygienic and roadside stalls. It might affect your health later. 

What to do in the northeast?

1. Arunachal Pradesh

Far from the mainland of India, located in the Wild East borders of India is the state of Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh is the largest state between the seven sister states of the northeast blessed with natural views and amazing places to visit. Often ignored by many is the Shangri La of India waiting to be explored.

Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh
Image Source: Unsplash

Capital of the state: Itanagar

Places to visit

  • Tawang – Visit the largest monastery in India, the Bomdila monastery in Tawang. 
  • Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary – Situated in the district of East Kameng, the visitors may experience various wildlife with animals like the Himalayan Black Bear, Indian Fox, Fishing Cat, Clouded Leopard apart from the Bengal Tiger.
  • Daporija – A scenic town located 600 meters above sea level near the Subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh is a notable pitstop on the routes of Ziro. 

Other places to visit

Dirang Parasuram Kund, Namdapha National Park, Apple Orchards, Mengha Temple

Things to do

Try hiking through the Sella Pass to reach Ziro or take part in the famous Ziro music festival. 

2. Assam

Known as the Tea City of India is the state of Assam, land of diverse history and tranquil beauty. Rich in the flora and fauna, the state is filled with good vibes and has got some pretty eye-catching landscapes, wild forests and undisturbed river flow of the majestic Brahmaputra.

One horned Rhino in Assam
Image Source: Unsplash

Capital City of the state: Guwahati

Places to visit

  • Kaziranga National Park – Visit the famous Kaziranga park and have a close encounter with the famous one-horned rhinos.
  • Kamakhaya Temple – Take a peek of the famous temple built on the hills of Assam and get to know the legends behind it that will leave you in awe!

Other places to visit

Manas National Park, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam State Zoo and Botanical Garden. 

Things to do

Go on a cruise along the rivers of Brahmaputra, Take a wildlife safari trip in Manas National Park or experience ecotourism (a green and friendlier way to the earth) at Majuli. Assam is also known for its festivities and you can take part in them to embrace their culture.

3. Manipur

Known as the jewel of Northeast is the state of Manipur, famous for its diversity in society, majestic hills, rich in culture and heritage, brave sports and handlooms. The place is perfect for people who wish to travel to the northeast on a budget.

Valley in Manipur
Image Source: Unsplash

Capital City of the state: Imphal

Places to visit

  • Shri Govindajee Temple – Gold twin domed temple with its main deity as Lord Vishnu is a landmark for Vaishnavites.
  • Keibul Lamjao Park – The world’s one and only floating park & home to the brow-antlered deer. 

Other places to visit:

War cemetery, Sendra Island, Borders near Moreh, Khwairamband Bazaar.

Things to do

Taste the world’s famous ghost pepper (Bhut Jolokia), go on a boat ride in the Loktak Lake or explore the ancient ruins of the Andro Village. 

4. Meghalaya

The name Meghalaya means ‘in the abode of clouds’ remains true. It is one of the most beautiful states of northeast India. Filled with fun, festivals and food, the state is known for Cherapunjii, a place that receives maximum rainfall in the entire world. The state takes your breath away with its valleys, waterfalls, caves and the beautiful white clouds.

Waterfalls in Meghalaya
Image Source: Unsplash

Capital city of the state: Shillong

Places to visit

  • Umiam Lake – A mesmerizing lake, completely man-made is located 15kms north of Shillong
  • Balpakram National Park – Home to the rarest animal, the Red Panda, the park is renowned for its dense forest.

Other places to visit

Mawlynnong, Double-decker bridge, Cherapunjii. 

Things to do

Go on trekking on the David Scott trail, River rafting at Barapani Lake or Kayaking on Kynshi river.

5. Mizoram

With mighty mountains surrounded all sides and a number of rivers flowing uninterrupted, is the ‘land of hill people’, the state of Mizoram. The place has got countless activities and things to do.

Natural habitat in Mizoram
Image Source: Unsplash

Capital city of the state: Aizawl

Places to visit

  • Murlen National Park – With several caves and dotted landscapes, go bird spotting
  • Phawngpui Hills – The highest peak of Mizoram overlooks the neighbouring country Myanmar. Go on a trek to feel the warmth in the chill breeze. 

Other places to visit

Dampa Tiger Reserve, Vantawng Falls, Luangmual Handicrafts Centre, and more.

Things to do

Take part in the Chapchar Kut Spring Festival, Visit the Palak Lake, or try mountain biking in the Hmuifang Hills. There also various other festivals in Mizoram which you can take part to involve in the traditions of the state.

6. Nagaland

A state that never fails to leave everyone in surprise is the state of Nagaland. There are many places to explore in Nagaland like Might huge mountain, scenic greenery and exotic valleys. 

Scenic landscapes in Nagaland
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Capital city of the state: Kohima

Places to visit

Kohima Museum – Located in the Upper Bayavu Hill is the famous museum of Nagaland exhibiting the culture and stories of the Naga tribe and its history.

  • Kachari Ruin – Famous for its dome-shaped ruins constructed in the 10th century, the pillars of this dome remain standing. 
  • Kohima Museum – Located in the Upper Bayavu Hill is the famous museum of Nagaland exhibiting the culture and stories of the Naga tribe and its history.

Other places to visit

The war cemetery, Tuphema Village, Triple Falls

Things to do

Enjoy the Hornbill Festival that happens during the month of December, Or go on a Trek to Dzoukou valley, Go on a wildlife safari at Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary

7. Sikkim

Famous for monasteries and Nathula pass is the state of Sikkim. Covered with mountains on all sides is a pleasant sight for the eyes and a peaceful getaway for all the travel lovers. 

Buddha Park in Sikkim
Image Source: Unsplash

Capital city of the State: Gangtok

Places to visit

Singalila National Park – A popular tourist spot in the northeast that is rich in its flora and fauna and also home to the red panda. 

  • Pemayangtse Monastery – Giving a divine spiritual experience for all visitors, the place is located about 110kms north of Gangtok. The place is filled with good vibes and serene beauty.
  • Singalila National Park – A popular tourist spot in the northeast that is rich in its flora and fauna and also home to the red panda.

Other places to visit

Lake Tsomgo, Gurudongmar Lake, Zemu Glacier

Things to do

Backpack through the Yumthang Valley of Flowers, go camping at Goecha La Pass, go biking on the famous Nathula Pass or have an amazing trekking experience amidst the mountains

8. Tripura

Waiting to be explored by the humans in the northeast region of India is the state of Tripura. Place filled with palaces and mind-calming temples, it is truly a heaven on earth.

Tripura
Image Source: Unsplash

Capital city of the State: Agartala

Places to visit

  • Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary – Covering roughly about 160 sq kilometres, the sanctuary has its names for growing some of the rarest vegetation and virgin forests.
  • Tripura Government Museum – Located in the capital city, the museum exhibits the rich culture and the valued traditions of the people of Tripura

Other places to visit

Neermahal, Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary, Jagannath Bari and Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary

Things to do

Go trekking on the Jampui Hills, Go boating in the lakes of Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary

The Northeast of India is referred to as a separate Kingdom with its own right and the states filled with beauty. Whether you are a solo traveller or you are travelling with friends and family, make sure this place is on your list to enjoy the awe-inspiring sceneries. Make your own journey to the fantasy world od India with Pickyourtrail. Visit Pickyourtrail for affordable packages and travel hassle-free.

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