If you want your next holiday to be filled with sunshine, beaches and vibrant culture, look no further than package holidays to Spain! Famous for its tapas bars that serve the best appetisers and cava wine and also known to host one-of-a-kind festivals that are regarded among the best in the world, Spain is a truly fantastic destination. Be it Ice beach bars of a kind you can only find in Barcelona or the majestic beauty of Alhambra or Alcazar in Seville, be it the pristine clear water beaches like Cala Agulla and Playa De Silencio to relax in, or the Gaudi's stunning architecture to marvel at, be it adventure sports galore to indulge in or a riveting bull fighting culture to ogle at in awe, Spain is one of the most popular European holiday destinations. If you’re planning a Spain tour package for you and your family or friends, you will not run out of exciting things to do and see in this expansive country. At Pickyourtrail, our customizable packages help you explore the best that Spain has to offer. Not sure what to include in your Spain packages? Here are some exciting ideas to help you get started on building the perfect trip to Spain.
|Spain Packages||Duration||*Price(Per person)|
|Amazing Spain Holiday Packages||7 Days/6 Nights||Rs. 72,138|
|Exciting Spain Packages||11 Days/10 Nights||Rs. 49,298|
|Scintillating Spain and Ibiza Vacation Packages||8 Days/7 Nights||Rs. 56,529|
|Classic Spain Travel Packages||14 Days/13 Nights||Rs. 82,715|
|Majestic Spain Packages from India||7 Days/6 Nights||Rs. 50,897|
|Breathtaking Madrid Spain Tour Package||11 Days/10 Nights||Rs. 45,937|
|Jubilant Trip to Spain||15 Days/14 Nights||Rs.81,034|
|Magical Spain Tour Package||11 Days/10 Nights||Rs. 1,17,743|
Spain, home of pristine shorelines, islands, UNESCO world heritage sites, breathtaking countryside, scintillating nightlife, grand cuisine, makes a perfect destination for a vacation. Spain is an exotic country spreading the vibes of vibrant heritage, relaxed life, friendly inhabitants, a wide array of world-famous festivities, and food choices that compliment the Spanish culture and its people. Spain is perfect for leisure travellers, but Spain tour packages are also for those who love to explore the unexplored and reach the unreached. This sunny land with an incredibly charming atmosphere and ambience attracts every kind of traveller with Spain packages.
Get a chance to explore the land that lives on high spirits. Most parts of the country have relics of the Roman remains and Moorish designs, and even more, such as Granada, Cordoba, and Alhambra. The nation's cultural heartbeat is Seville, home to a stunning collection of cathedrals and medieval Toledo. During your next trip to Spain from India, you shouldn't miss some popular sites such as the Archaeological Site of Atapuerca and Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin. Rich in culture, Spain is full of monuments and buildings with a long history and beautiful tales connected to them.
Another famous spot to visit on Spain holidays, is the Tower of Hercules, an ancient form of Roman lighthouse accompanied by a sculpture garden featuring artistic works of favourite artists, such as Pablo Serrano. People of Spain are known for their welcoming nature. They take pride in their heritage and are always eager to share the bite of historical tales with visitors. Spain trip costs can be quite affordable with the right Spain tour package from India. Make sure the below mentioned places are included in your Spain travel packages.
Madrid is one of the most spectacular cities in Spain. Known for its exuberant nightlife, you can enjoy partying around on the streets. In addition to this, when you’re in Madrid, you can visit its classy museums, beautiful gardens and more. If you love arts, visit the Museo del Prado and admire the finest collections of European Art. This cosmopolitan city in Spain is also home to the Royal Palace, which is a historic and architectural wonder in the whole of Europe. You can also hang out at one of the oldest neighbourhoods in Spain called the La Latina. When you’re planning a trip to Spain, be sure to add this wonderful city in your Spain tour package.
Top attractions in Madrid - Royal Palace, Plaza Mayor, Prado Museum, Buen Retiro Park, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Estadio Santiago Bernabéu, Temple of Debod, Fuente de Cibeles/The Cybele’s Fountain
Best time to visit Madrid - March to May, September to November
Languages spoken in Madrid - Castellano
Average flight time from India to Madrid - 12 hours
Modes of transportation within Madrid - Train, metro, bus and metered taxis
Being the second largest city in the country of Spain, Barcelona treats you with a mix of age old culture and cosmopolitan mood. It is an all time favourite for tourists all over the world, thanks to its spectacular location. A Spain travel package is incomplete without visiting the city of Barcelona. Lining the Mediterranean sea on its right side, the city stuns you with its Gaudi architecture. You can sunbathe at the sandy beaches during the day and hang out at the city’s popular cafes in La Rambala. Head to the city’s hidden side streets with quaint little cafés and explore the city just the way you like it. In addition to this, you can also awe at the excellent buildings in the centre of the town, that speak about Barcelona’s culture and history on your Spain holidays.
Top attractions in Barcelona - Basílica de la Sagrada Família, Barri Gòtic/Gothic Quarter, La Rambla, Parc Güell, Camp Nou Mercat de la Boqueria and more.
Best time to visit Barcelona - May to June
Languages spoken in Barcelona - Catellan and Spanish
Average flight time from India to Barcelona - 13 hours
Modes of transportation within Barcelona - Metro, Tram and Catalan commuter trains
This pleasant little town located at the South eastern coast of Spain is known for its iconic beaches and balmy weather. The city of Valencia is also known for its rich cultural heritage and hence you can visit its historic monuments and other architectural masterpieces like the Marquise Palace on your Spain Packages. There are several churches in the town that boast the beautiful azulejo domes. During the month of March, the city also comes together to celebrate Feast Day of St. Joseph, which is indeed a fun event to be part of.
Top attractions in Valencia -The City of Arts and Sciences, Las Fallas Festival, Oceanogràfic de València, La Lonja de Seda, Mercado Central, Catedral de València, Plaza de la Virgen
Best time to visit Valencia - April and May
Languages spoken in Valencia - Spanish and Valencian
Average flight time from India to Valencia - 13 hours
Modes of transportation within Valencia - Train, metro, bus and trams
The next beautiful city which you must include to your Spain tour from India is the city of Málaga. It is one of the oldest Mediterranean seaports located in Spain. The city of Malaga is known for its centuries-old heritage and history. You can visit the cultural attractions in the town to learn about its Medieval past. In addition to this, the city also stuns you with its beautiful landscapes and amazing scenery. If you want to experience pleasant weather on your Spain tour package from India, hang out at the city of Malaga and relax in the seaside promenades. You can visit the sandy beaches along with your kids and enjoy food at the great restaurants too.
Top attractions in Malaga -Alcazaba de Málaga, La Concepción Historical-Botanical Garden Museo Picasso Málaga, Museo de Málaga, Basílica Nuestra Señora de la Victoria, Centre Pompidou Málaga, Museo Unicaja de Artes y Costumbres Populares
Best time to visit Malaga - June to November
Languages spoken in Malaga - Spanish and English
Average flight time from India to Malaga - 12 hours
Modes of transportation within Malaga - Train, bus and taxis
The attractive port city of Bilbao is located in Northern Spain and is a slowly blooming tourism hotspot. The most fascinating attraction in Bilbao is the famous contemporary art museum called the Guggenheim Museum. If you appreciate art, then this is the place to be when you’re on your Spain trip packages. In addition to this, the Basque city of Bilbao also has several beautiful districts which you must visit. The city stuns with spectacular sculptures such as the Tall tree and Eye which are designed by the in-house artists. You can wander around the city streets and explore innovative art and dine at the beautiful cafes while on your trip to Spain.
Top attractions in Bilbao - Guggenheim Museum, Euskal Museoa Bilbao, Catedral de Santiago, Casco Viejo, Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Basílica de Begoña, Euskalduna Palace
Best time to visit Bilbao - June to Mid-September
Languages spoken in Bilbao - Spanish and Basque
Average flight time from India to Bilbao - 13 hours
Modes of transportation within Bilbao - Metros, trams and buses
The city of Pamplona is known for the Running of the Bulls event which pulls tourists from all over the world. You can witness the bull run as a part of the glorious San Fermín Festival in the month of July. If you want to witness this wild spectacular event, add the city of Pamplona to your Spain packages from India. This historic quaint little town stuns you with its medieval walls which surround the city like forts. In addition to this, on your Spain holidays you can wander around the city streets and explore architectural structures like the Baroque Town hall and Gothic Cathedral. While walking around the narrow streets, you can also interact with the friendly locals and socialise with them.
Top attractions in Pamplona - Baroque Town hall, Gothic cathedral, Museo de Navarra, Palacio de Navarra
Best time to visit Pamplona - March to May
Languages spoken in Pamplona - Spanish and Basque
Average flight time from India to Pamplona - 21 hours
Modes of transportation within Pamplona - Taxis and buses
Seville is a magical city in the country of Spain. Even as you enter the city, it makes you fall in love. Be it the cobblestone lanes or the promenade or the centuries old street lamps, the city itself makes you feel that you’re in an enchanted place. This wonderful Andalusian city is located in the Southern side of Spain and has Roman influence, it was also part of the Iberian Empire. You can witness spectacular flamenco performances and gala festivals in the town during your Spain holiday package.
Top attractions in Seville - Seville’s Cathedral, Real Alcázar, Parque de María Luisa and Plaza de España, Barrio Santa Cruz, Museo de Bellas Artes
Best time to visit Seville - March to May
Languages spoken in Seville - Spanish
Average flight time from India to Seville - 12 hours
Modes of transportation within Seville - Buses, Trams, Metros and boats
If you want a cool break with chillout vibes, The city of Granada is a wise pick for your Spain trip from India. The Andalusian city amazes you with its multicultural history and soulful attractions. The Grand Alhambra palace is the star attraction in Granada, which is surrounded by extensive lush green Moorish gardens. Upon climbing the hill to reach Alhambra Palace, you will never want to leave the hill as your heart will soak in the beauty of the Carmen de los Martires Gardens. In addition to this there are several architectural marvels of Spain's Catholic Monarchs that belong to Andalusia and are a must visit on your Spain tour packages.
Top attractions in Granada - Alhambra Palace, Renaissance Catholic cathedral, Albaicín Neighborhood, Alcaicería Markets, The Gypsy Quarter of Sacromonte
Best time to visit Granada - May, June, September, October
Languages spoken in Granada - Castilian Spanish
Average flight time from India to Granada - 19 hours
Modes of transportation within Granada - Buses, Train, Taxis
The next magical city on the list is the city of Cuenca. This city stands above a river gorge and leaves you enchanted with its beauty. It is known for the most-wonderous "hanging houses" that are literally hanging on the rocky slopes. From the balconies of these houses you can observe the beauty of the abyss and Huécar River. At Cuenca you can experience the age-old culture by wandering around the streets and monuments. On your package holidays to Spain enjoy the fabulous city on foot, participate in its festivals and observe the museums.
Top attractions in Cuenca - Casas Colgadas (Hanging Houses), Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Catedral de Santa María la Mayor, San Pablo Bridge
Best time to visit Cuenca - August to September
Languages spoken in Cuenca - Spanish
Average flight time from India to Cuenca - 50 hours
Modes of transportation within Cuenca - Buses and taxis
Córdoba is one of the hottest cities in Spain and a must have on your Spain holiday packages from India. Hence, you must plan to visit this city before Summer to escape heat. The month of May is the perfect time to visit this beautiful city. The city amazes you with its old town and Jewish quarters that have several artifacts from the past.
Top attractions in Córdoba - La Mezquita, Judería, Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos, Fiesta de los, Patios de Córdoba
Best time to visit Córdoba- June to Mid-September
Languages spoken in Córdoba - Spanish
Average flight time from India to Córdoba - 12 hours
Modes of transportation within Córdoba - Taxis and buses
From ultra-modern luxury hotels with relaxing spas to rustic paradors, heritage-driven mansions, and old religious buildings turned into cosy lodgings, Spain has it all. Choose from some of our best and cost-effective Spain tour packages from India to enjoy Spain at its best.
From adventure packages in Spain, entertainment, architecture and sports, there are a number of things to do in Spain for the intrepid traveller. Whether you are planning on booking a honeymoon package to Spain or a family package to Spain, you’re sure to have the time of your life!
When you are creating your customized Spain tour package, there’s one city you simply can’t miss out on. Barcelona is the jewel in Spain’s crown and deserves to be explored by land and air. During your Spain trip from India, start your day off with a hot air balloon ride over Barcelona. As you float through the clouds, you will gain a whole new perspective of this city. Gaudi, looks like it’s right out of the pages of a fairy tale. Ditch the maps and wander through the cobbled streets to discover completely new sights that aren’t on the tourist trail. Each turn promises a new and exciting experience to behold!
In Spain, everyday is a celebration! This lively country has some of the most unique festivals that every tourist should experience for themselves. Adventure addicts wouldn't want to miss out on the San Fermin Festival which is a weeklong extravaganza in July. Other popular festivals in Spain like La Tomatina, Pamplona Bull Running, La Feria de Sevilla of the flamenco are a must in your Spain Package. Not only do these festivals offer incredible sights to behold, but they also serve up some mouthwatering authentic Spanish delicacies.
Tourist attractions in Spain include the popular architectural wonder, the Sagrada Familia, an unfinished church that is one of Gaudi’s most famous creations. Casa Batllo, the Royal Palace of Madrid and Palau de la Musica Orfeo Catala will prove to be a delight for history and art lovers. Another must-do on your Spain tour packages is to catch some football and maybe a glimpse of Messi or Luis Suarez in action at Camp Nou Stadium in Barcelona.
Apart from this, a visit to the Cabo de Gata desert, the only one in Europe and The Alhambra with its colossal chambers and grandiose chambers will leave you speechless. If you’re an unapologetic beach bum, Benalmadena beach should be included in your Spain holiday package. The nightlife and sandy coves of Ibiza are famous throughout the world and are a must-visit if you have booked your Ibiza Spain tour packages.
Spain is one of the most beautiful Iberian peninsula countries in Europe. The pristine beaches, exotic bars, marvellous architecture, amazing tapas bars, bizarre yet lovely festivals and thrilling adventure activities make it one of the best European experiences you will ever have as a traveller. You can never have one best time to visit Spain. Depending on the number of the days, your favourite season, the cities you choose to visit and the budget you intend to spend, plan your trip to Spain in such a way that it becomes your best time to visit the country.
Spain sees the maximum crowd during the summer months of June to August. Pertaining to its peak season, the airfares and the prices of hotels are relatively higher. There is a hike up to 50% and hence booking your flights and hotels well in advance will help you save a lot of money. The summer season brings this land more alive. Spain is very hot and dry - ideal time to hit beach destinations like Costa Brava, Formentera, Majorca and Ibiza. The peak season necessarily doesn't mean having more crowds. This school vacation and national holidays forces your Spain packages to encounter fewer people. Inland people indulge into vacation mode where they prefer vacationing outside the country borders.
Visiting Spain during Spring and Autumn seasons - March to May and September to November is the next best time to visit Spain. This shoulder season allows you to encounter a lesser number of crowds when compared to the summer season. Since the Mediterranean summer is extremely hot, visiting Spain during these months could be ideal. This means that you will be able to enjoy the popular tourist destinations at your own sweet time. The hotel prices, airfare, restaurants, shops offer good discounts which will help you to enjoy your most desired Spain tour packages within budget. Make sure to attend festivals in Spain during these seasons.
The winter is cold and unwelcoming. The mediterranean winter shuts a few beach resorts. These winter months of November to February are dull tourist seasons. Being the peak skiing season, the ski resorts see some tourists. The December month sees Christmas stars around every corner and brings back the celebration mode. Visiting this country during the last week of December gives you reasons to shop at the Christmas market and begin your new year on a high vacation note.
Spain is about 7951 Km away from India. It becomes very difficult to traverse countries on top of which it turns out to be a very expensive and tedious way to reach Spain. However, if you are already on your European vacation, it is easy to travel to Spain by road, witnessing the beauty of the unspoiled countryside. But if you are planning to travel to Spain from India, there could be no better option than air. Taking flights could be the most comfortable and quickest way to reach Spain from India.
Travelling to Spain by air is one of the best decisions you can make to choose in your travel options. However there are no direct flights to Spain from India. You could choose to break your journey and then take connecting flights to reach Spain. The average flight time between New Delhi, India and Madrid Airport, Spain can take from 12 to 16 hours depending on the time the break you take in connecting to your next flight. Air India, Air France, Etihad Airways, British Airways and Jet Airways cater flights from India. The prices are relatively higher during the peak seasons. Hence advance reservations help you save a lot of money. Customise your Spain tour packages from India and include flight bookings along with the package to avoid hassles during booking.
There are no direct trains from India to Spain. However the internal transport network of trains is really quick and convenient. Hop on your favourite train and reach your favourite destination anytime. Train journeys inside Spain turn out to be very pocket friendly. And if you are taking a European tour, the most comfortable way to travel to your next destination is through trains. Train journeys could expose the beauty of small towns Europe is made of.
Taking road trips within Europe could be one of the best ways to explore the country. From neighbouring countries, it is almost very easy to travel to Spain by road. The internal transport is extremely well connected and hence taking up buses could turn out to be very budget friendly. Hiring a cab could also be one of the most convenient ways to travel within Spain. This imposes no time restrictions and hence you could enjoy your journey in your own timeline.
Want Spain tour packages from India that are designed by travel experts, keeping in mind your needs and interests? Are you searching for Spain travel packages that fix 4-star accommodation, a complete itinerary and entry tickets at the best cost? At Pickyourtrail, you can choose your favourite cities in Spain and explore the best during your holiday. If you’re not sure what you must include in your Spain travel package, Worry not, our Spain travel experts can help you plan that perfect trip to Spain. We also offer fully customizable Spain packages and Europe packages that you can plan under twenty minutes. With us, your package holidays to Spain would be the most memorable.Be it Spain 10 day package or Spain 5 days tour package, book your Spain packages at Pickyourtrail and make merry!
Spain is famous for multiple things, one of which is the sport of Bullfighting known in Spanish as Corrida De Toros. A 3 stage sport where 3 matadors fight a bull to death, and if found victorious get to take the ear of the bull home as a trophy to mark their victory is a riveting sport you don’t want to miss when in Spain. Spain is also famous for its tapas, alcohol and its bar-hopping culture. Tapas are appetizers or finger foods that Spanish people generally have during catch up with friends, Spain is famous in the world for its Flamenco dance, a difficult dance in heels, it is an absolute treat to watch it live, La tomatina festival is again something that Spain is famous for. An hour long tomato fight festival celebrated in Valencia every last Wednesday of August is an experience to have, the spanish rice based dish Paella is immensely popular in Spain and is considered as the national dish of Spain. Spanish football is a sport considered as a religion in Spain and with these two famous clubs Real Madrid and Barcelona, the craze for Spanish football tournaments over the world is insane, Spain is also famous for Alhambra in Granada, a mixture of gothic and Islamic architecture. In Spain you will also hear Antoni Gaudi a lot. One of his unfinished works of La Sagrada Familia is an absolute masterpiece.
With over 40 airports within the country, all major cities in Spain are connected by air. Hence, flying around is the easiest way to move between Spanish cities. Several Low-cost airlines are operating between major cities making travel hassle free. You can also travel via train. RENFE operates several high-speed, regular and suburban train lines. Don’t forget to reserve seats in advance if you are travelling around in a train. In addition to this, Bus is also one of the cheapest ways to get around Spain. You can also hire a car and roam around as you please.
The most famous dishes that you must-try are Gazpacho, Paella. Tortilla espanola is the most delicious Spanish omelette which can be customised with your favourite toppings. If you are a potato lover, you must taste patatas bravas which are made with a super-yummy sauce and spices.
When you’re in Spain, you must visit The Alhambra and Generalife Gardens in Granada, Barcelona's Sagrada Familia, The Great Mosque of Cordoba, Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Santiago de Compostela Cathedral. You can also visit the The Prado and Paseo del Artes, Plaza Mayor in Madrid.
The best things to do in Spain are Visiting the Alhambra Palace in Granada, Scream for your favourite team in the Camp Nou Stadium, Watch a Flamenco Show in Madrid, Fight at the La Tomatina festival in Bunol and more.
You will need 120 euros ($145) per day per person on your vacation to Spain. This means, you will require 840 euros to spend a week in Spain.
The cheapest month to fly to Spain is the month of March. January to March is considered as a lean season for tourism in Spain. Is Spain expensive to travel?
La Tomatina is the famous food fight festival in Spain. It is scheduled on the last wednesday in the month of August every year. People around the world assemble in the Bunol town in Spain to celebrate this festival.
Spanish is the official language in Spain. Apart from Spanish, Catalan, Galician, Aranese and Basque are the other languages spoken in Spain. According to a poll, English is the second most spoken language in Spain with about 27% of the population that can speak English.
Euro is the currency used in Spain.
A minimum of 10 days would be required to properly experience at least 2 - 3 regions of Spain. Considering most regions are not too far apart, you can cover much of the country in your 3-week Spain holidays.
A short 6 nights 7 days all inclusive trip to Spain should cost about 1 - 1.1 lakhs per person.
Barcelona, Madrid, Seville, Granada and Mallorca are the major and most visited cities in Spain and are a must have on your Spain tour package.
A bota - traditional spanish drinking vessel used to drink wine, Espadrilles - a popular summer shoes fashion staple, a flamenco dress, a can of Aire de Ibiza or bottled Ibiza air, Paella pan to cook the famous Spanish dish, Turron - a nougat-like sweet made from almonds, honey, sugar and egg whites, Menorca gin, handmade spanish fan otherwise known as Albanico, Caganers or Christmas poopers are a cute little souvenirs that are must buy and lastly Spanish blue wine is a must buy while in Spain.
Antoni Gaudi’s unfinished masterpiece of La Sagrada Familia is an architectural wonder and a must visit in Barcelona, Casa Mila, Casa Batllo and Park Guell, all architectural works of Antoni Gaudi are spectacular and a must visit while in Barcelona, Gothic Quarter - that houses relics of ancient Roman buildings, a spiritual and secular center is another must visit, La Ramblas - the heart of social life in Barcelona and the most favourite hangout place, Camp Nou is a must visit for all football fans - a 99,354 seater stadium is the second largest football stadium in the world and watching the Magic Fountain of Montjuïc at night is a delight with its light and water shows choreographed to music.
Sunglasses, Sunscreen, Hat or Cap to beat the heat, a portable power bank, a water bottle, hiking backpack, comfortable shoes and swimwear for the beach are some essentials to pack for a trip to Spain.
Drum festival known in Spanish as La Tamborrada, is a festival where men, women, kids all bash drums throughout the day and night for 24 hours, Las Fallas De Valencia is another famous festival which is celebrated across 5 days in the city of Valencia where gigantic colorful characters are out on the streets and amazing fireworks take place during the day and light shows at night, San Fermin is a bullfighting festival where most brave hearted and adventurous people run ahead of a group of angry bulls, La Tomatina is yet another festival where thousands of people get together and smash and throw tomatoes at each other, Feria Del Caballo, is another famous festival in Spain where people dress up in traditional spanish attires and there are horse parades and tapas to enjoy from over 250 stalls.
The best time to visit Spain would be between the months of June and September when the outdoors can be enjoyed the best. August end is a good pick given the country's iconic La Tomatina festival is celebrated around this time.
Plan your Spain trip during the month of August when most people in Spain head out to the beach or abroad for a vacation and it works out less expensive than other times. Also a Spain holiday during off season, during winter should again work out cheaper as you can get best rates on rooms. Another way to work out a Spain trip on budget is by avoiding travel during festival months or days as room rates skyrocket during those times.
Spain is considered to be a safe destination for solo female travellers and a fine destination to enjoy eating, drinking, sightseeing and spending time at the beach.
Yes, Indians need a visa to travel to Spain. A short term visa valid for 90 days can be applied at the Embassy of Spain in Mumbai or Delhi. The application for a Schengen visa must be submitted at least 15 days before the travel date and can be submitted as early as 90 days before the date of travel. It generally takes 10 working days for the visa to get processed.
Spain has a reliable network of public transport which includes buses, trains and the metro. You can contact the official websites to get information about seasonal passes.
Spain is full of scenic drive opportunities. The must-dos on your Spain holidays are the drives to Cordoba and Granada. If you are feeling adventurous you could even take an up a drive covering Madrid, Segovia, Salamanca, Valladolid, Burgos and Soria.
The best beaches in Spain are Cala Agulla, Playa De Gulpiyuri, Playa De Ses Illetes, Playa De Silencio and Cala Comte.
The famous vineyards for wine tours in Spain are La Rioja and Rioja Alavesa wine region, Priorat & Penedes wine making region, Ribera del Duero wine region and Ria Baixas in Gallacia.
Gran Canaria (5N)
Costa Brava (1N)
Costa Brava (2N)