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Best Historical Sites to visit in Athens Greece
Written by Nivethitha Bharathi on September 26, 2021 Share on

15 Historical Sites to Visit in Athens Greece: The Ancient Paradise

Being the oldest city in the world, Athens is a significant destination in the history of Greece and the evolution of Ancient Greek civilization since 3000 B.C. Every historical architecture in Athens, like Parthenon and Acropolis, stand as evidence and praise ancient Greeks’ glorious past. As you walk around this oldest neighbourhood, you will appreciate that the city of Athens still holds the trace to Greece’s iconic architectural geniuses by preserving ruins and monuments. Your Greece holiday cannot be complete without visiting every mind-blowing historical wonder of Athens. Here are the “15 Best Historical Sites To Visit In Athens, Greece” that should be a part of your tour itinerary.

 

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15 Best Historical Sites In Athens Greece

History lives in Athens in every nook and corner. The entire city will plant curiosity in you to know more about the city while exploring every historical architecture from iconic temples that add glory to the Greek Gods to some unfamiliar Ottoman-era architectures. So, here is the list of 15 historical sites to visit in the hidden corner of Athens that makes your heart race.

  1. Parthenon
  2. Temple of Hephaestus
  3. Ancient Cemetery of Kerameikos
  4. Odeon of Herodes Atticus
  5. Agios Georgios Church
  6. Roman Agora
  7. Anafiotika
  8. Panathenaic Stadium
  9. First Cemetery of Athens
  10. Benizelos Mansion
  11. Theatre of Dionysus
  12. Archaeological Site Mycenae
  13. Temple of Olympian Zeus
  14. Tower of Winds
  15. Temple of Poseidon

Also Read: Indian Restaurants In Athens Greece

1. Parthenon

Parthenon, Best historical sites to visit in Athens Greece
Image Source: Unsplash

Without a doubt, Parthenon is one of the must-visit historical sites in Athens. Built as a homage to the goddess Athena between 447-432BC, Parthenon has met different purposes during different eras. To be precise, for centuries, it was a Church for Virgin Mary and a mosque during Ottoman rule. Parthenon is easily accessible when you are in Athens. Sitting on top of Acropolis Hill, it is truly a pleasant sight to witness. Wear some comfortable shoes, climb the hill to admire the stunning architectural outcome of the genius architects of Greece. 

Also Read: Best Walking Tours In Athens Greece

2. Temple of Hephaestus

Temple of Hephaestus
Image Source: Pixabay

The Temple of Hephaestus is one of the most visited and well-preserved historical attractions in Athens. Whenever you go, there will always be a multitude. This oldest temple came to life by the marble derived from Mount Penteli. It was constructed during the 5th century BCE by Iktinos to dedicate to the god of metalworking and fire, Hephaestus. But later, as power changed, the temple was altered and used as an orthodox church till 1834. 

3. Ancient Cemetery of Kerameikos

If you take a short walk from Acropolis, you will come across Kerameikos cemetery that has a vital position in the historical timeline of Greece. This notable site in the downtown of Athens was once a locality where potters lived. This ruin was accidentally discovered in 1861 while excavating the nearby area. You can also walk around the ruins of the roads and marvel at the city wall build in 479BCE.

4. Odeon of Herodes Atticus

Odeon of Herodes Atticus
Image Source: Unsplash

Odeon of Herodes Atticus is the most remarkable structure for which emperor Marcus Aurelius vouched as one of a kind traditional theatre of that era. This historical site built between 160-174CE (Roman Period) faced too much abrasion and damages for centuries. During the 1950s, the Greece government tried its best in restoring this entire open theatre. To date, Herodeon stages mind-blowing plays, performances and hold up to 5000 spectators.

Also Read: Best Attractions In Athens

5. Agios Georgios Church

Agios Georgios Church is the most beautiful landmark situated on the top of Lycabettus hill. Its tranquil whitewashed exterior has an unsound aesthetic vibe that tends to attract lots of visitors every year. This church not only offers you a charming view of the entire city but also enlighten you about its ancient past. This 18th-century church is in a site that holds traces of a temple dedicated to Zeus. 

6. Roman Agora

Roman Agora and Tower of Wind, Best historical sites to visit in Athens Greece
Image Source: Pixabay

Visiting Roman Agora is essential when you are in Athens. It has the most captivating history that gets more interesting the more you know. Built-in the 1st-Century BCE, Roman Agora is situated in eastern Athens. The ancient Agora was used as a place to conduct political gatherings. During the regime of Julius Ceaser and Ceaser Agustus, the Roman Agora was used as an open market. But, during the Byzantine era and Ottoman rule, this Roman Agora was occupied with churches, mosques and houses and lost the meaning of its existence. You can still see the 17th-Century Ottoman mosque during your visit. 

7. Anafiotika

Annafiotika
Image Source: Unsplash

Anafiotika is something different from all the historical sites you have seen so far. It is not a ruin but a historical neighbourhood set in the Northeastern face of Acropolis hill. It is a historical site constructed under the supervision of King Otto during the 16th-Century to provide housing for workers from Cycladic island. Many houses didn’t survive 1950s archaeological excavation. Still, you can explore the remaining 45 Cycladic-style architectures during your visit to Annafiotika.

8. Panathenaic Stadium

Panathenaic Stadium
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Undoubtedly, Panathenaic Stadium will put you to trance by both its jaw-dropping structure and the history behind its creation. You will be surprised by all the facts behind its existence. This oldest stadium is also renowned for being the only stadium in the world that was built wholly using marble. To be exact, this stadium was rebuilt in marble by Herodes Atticus during 144CE. This stadium used to host athletic competitions during 564BCE. Also, it was the first stadium to host the first modern Olympics in 1896.

9. First Cemetery of Athens

The First Cemetery of Athens, located right behind the Panathenaic Stadium, is the most admired site among history buffs. It became a final resting place for numerous celebrities, politicians and artists who were respected and adored by the Greeks. You can explore the cemetery and its tombs with intricate designs and famous sculptures like “The Sleeping Girl”. Many people also seem to have witnessed and encountered the resident ghost during their visits.

Also Read: Top Stores In Athens

10. Benizelos Mansion

Benizelos Mansion is a museum that stands as a rare reflection of the Ottoman regime. This 18th-century architecture is unique in Athens and admired by locals as much as tourists. If you stroll around the neighbourhood, you can also encounter the remains of houses dating back to the 15th century. 

11. Theatre of Dionysus

The Theatre of Dionysus is a unique historical landmark also known as a birthplace of theatre in Athens. Even though it seems smaller and less-preserved, this 4th-century complex could have seated up to 17,000 spectators during its peak days. Walk around this theatre. Learn about its past significance and the role it played to sustain the interest of ancient Greeks.

12. Archaeological Site Mycenae

Mycenae Archaeological site
Image Source: Pixabay

Athens is home to many archaeological sites, among which Mycenae is a very peculiar sight. Travel back to the Bronze age when you are in Mycenae. Being featured in the World Heritage Site list, this archaeological ruin in Athens is a historical powerhouse. You can find it in the southwestern part of Athens on top of the hill. All you need to do is, purchase a ticket at Lion Gate and explore the fortress, beehive tomb and more.

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13. Temple of Olympian Zeus

Temple of Olympian Zeus, Best historical sites to visit in Athens
Image Source: Unsplash

Your first glance at this temple is enough to let you predict that the Temple of Olympian Zeus or Olympieion is the largest in Greece. Built-in the 6th century BCE, this temple took 640 years to complete. During the Roman era, this temple had further alteration by including 104 majestic columns to the structure. But during your visit, you can see only 16 of the columns standing despite the pressure of time. 

14. Tower of Winds

Set inside Roman Agora next to Ancient Agora is the Tower of Winds. This historical monument is said to be “the world’s first meteorological station”. This octagonal architecture has impressive sculptures of Wind God on every side. If you explore a bit closer, you will come across marble sculptures uniquely highlighting different gods. This tower was built by Andronikos, an astronomer, during 50BC to use a sundial, waterclock and compass. There is still much mystery that remains about the existence of the Tower of Winds.

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15. Temple of Poseidon

Temple of Poseidon, Best historical sites to visit in Athens Greece
Image Source: Pexels

The last suggestion to quench your historical venture around Athens is the Temple of Poseidon. This place was a centre ground where Greeks offered sacrifices for Poseidon. When you are in the Temple of Poseidon, you will undoubtedly encounter various mythology, stories and historical references that give you goosebumps. Take lots of pictures in the Doric columns. The best option will be to take a guided tour that will enlighten you more about the attraction. 

 

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Now that you know the top 15 historical sites to visit in Athens, Greece, that is not the end to the large distinctive historical marvel. If you visit around the there entire city, you will understand this list is just a beginning. So get a first-hand experience in all these monuments. Take advantage of the Pickyourtrail website. Look at some of the best Greece packages from India or take a few minutes to customise a Greece itinerary by yourself.

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