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Written by Janani on May 29, 2020 Share on

The Jantar Mantar in Jaipur – The Monumental Calculating Instrument!

The Pink City, Jaipur – is well known for its history and architecture. It sits majestically in the state of Rajasthan, India; flaunting the expertise of the old artisans. If you love visiting gardens, bazaars, courtyards, forts and go crazy about the lifestyle of the people of the ancient period, then probably Jaipur is the ideal place for this holiday. One of the iconic attraction in Jaipur is the Jantar Mantar and visiting the place is one of the best things to do in Rajasthan.

Jantar mantar observatory
Source: Google Images

The name Jantar Mantar is derived from Sanskrit. Jantar Mantar means ‘Calculating Instrument’. It is an observatory with 14 astronomical instruments, that symbolises the Brilliance of the then architecture. The astronomical instruments are constructed of stone and help to interpret the position of the celestial bodies and also to calculate local time. 

Who Constructed Jantar Mantar?

Jantar Mantar was constructed by  Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur, in the 18th century. He actually built five Jantar Mantars; in Jaipur,  New Delhi, Ujjain, Mathura and Varanasi. Jaipur’s Jantar Mantar is the biggest of them all. It has about 19 astronomical Instruments in total. This Jantar Mantar gained international fame in 2010. It is also recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 

Maharaja image
Source: Google Images

Why was Jantar Mantar Built? 

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II was a great builder and excellent astronomer. He constructed these massive structures to accurately predict the movements of the planets, moon, and sun; also to assemble astronomical tables.

Major attractions within Jantar Mantar

  1. Vrihat Smarat Yantra (The Huge Sundial)
  2. Laghu Smarat Yantra (Sundial with an accuracy of 20 seconds)
  3. Ram Yantra (To Measure the altitude and azimuth of Sun and planets)
  4. Jaya Prakash Yantra (Locates the exact position of heavenly bodies)
  5. Chakra Yantra (The ring instrument – co-ordinates the hour angle of Sun) 
  6. Digamsa (Pillar like structure – Predicts sunrise and sunset time)
  7. Nadivalaya (An Instrument parallel to the earth’s equatorial plane)
  8. Karnti Vritya (Measure solar sign of the sun)
Jantar Mantar in Jaipur
Image credits: Google Images

Entry and Open timings:

The observatory is open on all days between 9:00 am to 4:30 pm. One hour is the maximum time, a tourist tends to spend here. If you have interest in Architecture and Astronomy, then have a buffer time added to this one hour; before you plan your visit

The Entry fee 

  1. Indians: 50 INR
  2. Indian Students: 15 INR
  3. Foreign Tourists: 200 INR
  4. Foreign Students: 150 INR

Best Time to visit

The best time to visit during the daytime is at noon. This the perfect time to understand the readings of every instrument. 

Must see

You shouldn’t miss the light and sound show. It is definitely worth your time. The tickets for this light and sound show cab be purchased at the entrance. 

  • Mar – Apr: 7:00 pm 
  • May – Sep: 7:30 pm 
  • Oct – Feb: 6:30 pm 

Not just Jantar Mantar, there are many more places in and around Jaipur that depicts the excellence of the art and architecture of the rulers of Jaipur. To know more about such amazing places in India, keep reading Pickyourtrail Blogs. You can also reach out us at Pickyourtrail to get amazing tour packages for travelling all over India.

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